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Table 4 Illustrations of the coding examples provided in the article, related to composition, denotation and connotation, applied in a grid template

From: Analysing videos in educational research: an “Inquiry Graphics” approach for multimodal, Peircean semiotic coding of video data

Video scene (optional: video image) Representamen (Representation focus) Interpretant Sense vehicle Action focus Speech Research Object
Denotation (CD) Connotation (CC)
Composition 1) people
+ Man
+ screen
---------
Many
+ 1
+ 1
1) a large number of mostly younger looking adults of mixed gender appear to be looking at the screen, which is displaying bullet points and text (in English language), in front of a male person 1) a large number of students are following the lecture content displayed in the form of sequential textual data in English language, the lecture being led by a male lecturer    Interpretations depends on research questions and focus.